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华人科学家团队找到马约拉纳费米子

2021-09-03 00:20

本文摘要:A Chinese-American scientist and his team discovered a particle that can be both matter and antimatter, which can potentially lead to more advanced quantum computers.一名美籍华裔生物学家以及精英团队找到一种既能够是化学物质、还可以是反物质的粒子,这有可能会促使人们用上更加技术设备的量子计算机。

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A Chinese-American scientist and his team discovered a particle that can be both matter and antimatter, which can potentially lead to more advanced quantum computers.一名美籍华裔生物学家以及精英团队找到一种既能够是化学物质、还可以是反物质的粒子,这有可能会促使人们用上更加技术设备的量子计算机。The particle, called Majorana fermion, is named after Italian theoretical physicist Ettore Majorana, who first predicted its existence in 1937.这类粒子称之为“马约拉纳费米子”,以西班牙基础理论科学家埃托雷·马约拉纳之名取名,他在1937年时第一次灵验了这类粒子的不会有。Typically, when a particle — the basic building block of matter — and an antiparticle — its identical twin but with an opposite charge — collide, they will annihilate each other, releasing a burst of energy.一般来说状况下,当粒子(包括化学物质的最基本控制模块)和反粒子(反粒子好似粒子的孪生子,可是却具备忽视的正电荷)再次出现碰撞,她们不容易相互之间反物质,并出狱很多的动能,The Majorana fermion, however, is a strange exception that can simultaneously exist both as a particle and as its own antiparticle. This hypothesis has fascinated and puzzled scientists ever since.可是,马约拉纳费米子终究一个古怪的特别注意,这类粒子能够既做为粒子,又做为反粒子而不会有。

自打明确指出生效日,这一理论就引起了专家的兴趣爱好和疑虑。The latest discovery concludes one of the most intensive searches in fundamental physics, which spanned exactly 80 years, said Zhang Shoucheng, a Stanford University physicist and a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who proposed the experiment plan.斯坦福学校科学家、中国科学院外籍院士张首晟为该试验获得了计划方案,他强调近期的此次寻找,“为基本物理学界跨过整整的80年、科学研究尤其聚集的一个新项目作出了结果”。The research team, led by Associate Professor Jing Xia of the University of California, Irvine, and UCLA Professor Kang-Lung Wang, dubbed the fermion the angel particle in reference to Dan Browns 2000 thriller novel Angels And Demons, which involves a bomb made from a combination of particle and antiparticle.该科学研究工作组由美国加州大学凯里欧文校区副教授职称夏晶及其加州大学洛杉矶分校专家教授王康隆领导干部,她们参照丹·布郎2001年的小说集《天使与魔鬼》(该小说集谈及了一种用正反粒子制成的定时炸弹),将马约拉纳费米子称之为“天使之粒子”。

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Our team predicted exactly where to find the Majorana fermion and what to look for as its smoking gun experimental signature, Zhang said in a news release from Stanford University.张首晟在斯坦福学校的一次记者招待会上答复:“大家的精英团队精准预测分析了在哪儿能够找寻马约拉纳费米子,及其在烟杆实验中大家理应寻找哪些。”In the future, Majorana fermions could be used to build quantum computers that are more resilient to environmental disturbance, which has been a major obstacle in their development.将来,马约拉纳费米子能够用于生产制造量子计算机,外敷自然环境阻拦的工作能力将不容易更为强悍--而这也是计算机的发展的关键阻碍之一。


本文关键词:OD体育,华人,科学家,团队,找到,马约,拉纳,费米,子

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